The philosophy in which Dr. Montessori presents her academic material is from a different point of view to what we are accustomed to in the traditional schools. Subjects like geography, botany, music etc. are taught as individual subjects but Dr. Montessori sees the cultural subjects as a study of life on the planet, on all the regions and throughout all time. The Montessori method implements these subjects in the environment as an interdisciplinary study of life. This is the new dimension to help the child see the interdependence, interrelatedness and the harmony of all aspects of the culture we live in.
Montessori thinks of the cultural subjects as an essential means for human development. She was very concerned with this process of how the child acquires culture from one generation to another. The child is the important link otherwise everything must be renewed. The birth of each child brings about the renewal of humankind. Montessori saw the typical child as a creative social factor, which is a person with a fully developed potential making his/her contribution to society.
Dr. Montessori designed the cultural curriculum as an interdisciplinary study of the life of humans on earth. All of the cultural subjects form part of a meaningful whole. This is the goal of the cosmic education to prepare the child to live in the society of tomorrow as the member of a family of humans. Montessori’s primary goal was an education to help the child become a fully developed individual adapted to his/her time, place and culture to become a citizen of tomorrow, a participant in a harmoniously functioning society. Montessori saw every school subject as an activity of the human spirit, a picture of humans and how they live in all parts of the world and how they have lived through time. Through the miracles of childhood, through the three unconscious powers and their everyday and their dynamic constructive qualities, it is possible to become a fully functioning human being. Education must help this process. The child is dependent on the adult for a much longer period than other animals; Cultural Subjects give the child an understanding of the unity, variety and interrelatedness of all things. The Cultural subjects include Geography, Biology, Zoology, Science Experiments, Music, Art and Peace Education.